On Scorched earth you can place a tent on them, follow behind it with the tent ready to set it down, the tent will be red but let it walk to an out edge and spam the place button. Once it's inside open the door it will pop it's head out as it walks around so just crouch to the side of the opening and pet it when it does. As long as your not to close to the opening it can't detect you.
Normally you can't tame the pack leader, so just get a pteranodon or argy, pick it up and drop it in a large area (like a separate section of your base). When you take it away from the rest of the pack, it removes its 'pack leader' title, allowing you to tame the highest level hyena of that pack.
Despite it's appearance, the real life hyaenodon was nowhere near related to actual hyenas, but it actually belongs to a group of prehistoric mammals, all extinct, that are believed to be most closely related to pangolins, which aren't related to anteaters or armadillos, for your information.
Build a 1x1 box with door frames and throw a hatch ceiling and 4 more regular walls up and throw it in, it's butt will hang down and you can crouch and pet it under it without spooking it. You CAN tame without alpha present but if it becomes spooked you have to leave your chunk and let it reset.