In Ark survival evolved, you can tame these in the Artifact of the hunter cave here there is a deep pool of water not far from the Artifact itself, but you can find an arthropluera in this cave and if u have an otter send it after Trilobites in South zone 1 there several there and if your lucky your otter will find black pearls needed for the broth of enlightenment and your welcome now you know how to find one hard to get ingredient. (If there are no tributes is SZ1 some mention finding some at Cragg's island near the red obe in its rivers/streams)
Easiest and safest way to tame this is to lure it under water. They stop aggro and you can tame as you please. Just make sure you come up for air every once in a while. Also be sure the water is deep enough.
All you have to do is tame a scorpion and ride up to an arthro on the scorpion and feed it spoiled meat. The arthro will not aggro on you while you are riding the scorpion. I did this on my mobile world so I can confirm that this works at least on mobile.